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PALLIATIVE CARE AND QUALITY OF LIFE IN LUNG CANCER PATIENTS
Summary. The aim of the present study was to examine methods of palliative care singly and/or in combination in inoperable endobronchial tumors, in order to lengthen the survival time, as well as to ameliorate the quality of life for such a patient. We examined 163 patients with endobroncial lung tumors with mean age was 67.9 years old (range 22–85, the male/ female ratio 1.34/1) cryotreated between 1997 and 2001. 81 patients received cryotherapy only, whereas 82 were treated using radiotherapy, brachytherapy and/or chemotherapy plus cryotherapy. 65% of the patients who received only cryotheapy demonstrated improvement in one or more Karnofsky and WHO indexes and the survival rate over two years in this group was at 19.3%. Furthermore, 80% out of the patients treated with cryotherapy plus other treatment showed improvement of their clinical status, and their survival rate was found at 25%. The choice of the kind of palliative care for patients with advanced lung tumors depends on the quality of life that can be offered. The combination of cryotherapy plus other palliative modalities offers an improved quality of life and an increased survival time.
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