ETOPOSIDE ACTIVATES CASPASE-3 VIA A CASPASE-1 INDEPENDENT MECHANISM IN CANCER CELLS

Lee S.-H., Chang K.-T., Kwon O.-Yu., Kwon T.-K.

It is known that caspase-1 is activated before caspase-3 activation when the cells were treated with anti-Fas-antibody. In present study the activities of these two proteases in etoposide-treated cells were examined. It has been shown that whilst treatment of U937 and Jurkat cells with etoposide results in caspase-3 activation it did not influence caspase-1 activity. At the same time treatment of U937 cells with anti-Fas antibody induces caspase-1 activity. These results demonstrate that etoposide transmits the death signal to caspase-3 directly, suggesting that caspase-3 was activated by a caspase-1 independent mechanism during etoposide–induced apoptosis.

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