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CD150-mediated Akt signalling pathway in normal and malignant B cells
Aim: To study upstream and downstream events in CD150-mediated Akt signaling pathway in normal human B cells, EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid (LCL) and malignant Hodgkin’s lymphoma (HL) B cell lines. Methods: To access protein-protein interaction we applied immunoprecipitation, Western blot analysis and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technique. A novel modification of SPR technique using reduced glutathione bound to golden surface was proposed. Immunostaining and isolation of cytoplasmic fractions and nuclear extracts were performed to detect proteins’ localization in cells. Western blot analysis was performed to follow up the phosphorylation of proteins on specific sites and proteins’ expression level. Results: It was shown that CD150 ligation induced Akt activation in normal tonsillar B cells (TBC), SH2D1A positive LCL and HL B cell lines. The p85α subunit of PI3K co-precipitated with CD150 cytoplasmic tail. This direct association depends on tyrosine phosphorylation and is mediated by N terminal SH2 domain of p85α. CD150 initiated phosphorylation of FoxO1 transcription factor in normal B cells as well as in LCL MP-1 and HL cell line L1236. At the same time, CD150 ligation triggered GSK-3β kinase phosphorylation only in immortalized LCL MP-1 and HL cell line L1236. Conclusions: We have demonstrated that CD150 receptor could trigger PI3K-mediated Akt signaling pathway in normal, EBV-transformed and malignant B cells. CD150-mediated phosphorylation of Akt downstream targets GSK-3β and FoxO1 in EBV-transformed and HL cells could be one of the mechanisms to avoid apoptosis and support survival program in these immortalized B cells.
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