Differential effects of low and high doses of taxol in anaplastic thyroid cancer cells: possible implication of the Pin1 prolyl isomerase

Pushkarev V.M., Starenki D.V., Saenko V.A., Pushkarev V.V., Kovzun br O.I., Tronko M.D., Popadiuk I.D., Yamashita S.

To study the molecular mechanisms of dose-dependent effects of an anticancer drug, Taxol, on the cell cycle machinery and apoptosis-related proteins in thyroid anaplastic cancer cell lines ARO and KTC-2. Materials and Methods: Western blot analysis was used for the detection of various proteins and of their phosphorylated forms. Results: Low dose of Taxol that cause apoptosis (25 nM) enhanced Rb protein phosphorylation, decreased the expression of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors р27KIP1 and p21WAF1, and potentiated the accumulation of phosphorylated p53 and of the prolyl isomerase Pin1. High Taxol doses (100 and 1000 nM) that cause necrosis-like cell death drastically decreased Pin1 level in both cell lines. Conclusion: Low doses of Taxol promoted G1/S transition, thus exhibiting mitogen-like effect. Drug-induced Pin1 accumulation could probably facilitate this transition and in parallel contribute to apoptosis via the p53/p73-dependent mechanism. At higher doses of Taxol, there was a dramatic decrease of Pin1 levels which may be a reason for G2/M cell cycle arrest.

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