PHENOTYPIC APC RESISTANCE AS A MARKER OF HYPERCOAGULABILITY IN PRIMITIVE CEREBRAL LYMPHOMA
Lucia Domenico De, Francesco Francesco De, Marotta Rosa, Maisto Giovanna, Meo Daniela, Sessa Marcella, Misso Margherita, Galante Maria, Russo Teresa, Pignalosa Orlando, Napolitano Mariasanta, Papa Maria Luisa, Niglio Alferio, Micco Pierpaolo Di
Thrombosis is the most frequent complication and the second cause of death in patients with malignant disease. Primary central nervous system non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma represents a rare pathology. Resistance to APC is usually linked to a factor V (FV) gene mutation changing an Arg 506 to a Gln in the APC cleavage site. Aim: In our study, we aimed at investigating the presence of activated protein C resistance (APC-r) and other markers of hypercoagulability in 25 selected patients with a diagnosis of primitive cerebral lymphoma who had suffered from an ischemic episode of TIA and/or stroke. Patients and methods: 25 selected patients with a diagnosis of primitive cerebral lymphoma and 50 healthy subjects acted as control group, were tested. We measured APC-r, natural clotting inhibitors, F1 + 2, aPTT and PAI-1 according to international guidelines. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral white blood cells and in order to detect FV Leiden gene polymorphism. Results: Our results showed that 11 out of 25 patients had a poor response to APC (≤ 0.70, which represents the cut-off point in our general population) without deficiencies in natural clotting inhibitors. All patients had high plasma levels of F1+2 and PAI-1 compared to those found in healthy subjects (2.65 ± 0.75 nM/L vs 0.40 ± 0.35 nM/L; 67.5 ± 18.5 ng/mL vs 17 ± 11.5 ng/mL, respectively). In 9 patients resistance to APC was not associated to a FV gene defect demonstrating that such phenomenon may occur also as an acquired condition. However, the patients with resistance to APC showed the highest plasma values in F1 + 2 and PAI-1. Conclusion: In cerebral lymphoma with hypercoagulability the resistance to APC is not caused by the FV Arg 506→Gln mutation (82%). APC resistance not caused by this FV gene defect may be an additional risk factor for thrombophilia in this selected population.
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